MATTHIAS BITZER
A little image-shrine for the
roadside

MATTHIAS BITZER

Opening September 22, 2020

Until December 12, 2020

MATTHIAS BITZER

A little image-shrine for the roadside
September 22 - November 7, 2020

Essential Qualities of Beauty (and Art)

Jens Hoffmann
“When I think of art, I think of beauty. Beauty is the mystery of life. It is not in the eye it is in the mind. In our minds there is awareness of perfection.” —Agnes Martin
That “beauty is in the eye of the beholder” has by now become a platitude. It declares that the perception of beauty is utterly subjective. Yet one thing about beauty that everyone can probably agree on is that it provokes some reaction in anyone who comes in contact with it, whether enchantment, pleasure, fascination, or serenity. While beauty can be observed in nature this short outline of thoughts concerns itself instead with beauty created by humans, and specifically the aesthetic experience of art.

Is it possible to consider beauty objectively in the realm of art? To imagine that beauty exists in its own right, within something such as a painting, a sculpture, or a photograph, autonomously from a person’s experience of the work? This understanding of beauty goes back to Plato, who expressed the idea that beauty does indeed exist purely in the appearance and structure of art, outside of any observer’s perception. Another thought on beauty, one that also argues that beauty can be qualified objectively, comes from Aristotle, whose view of beauty in art was guided by formal characteristics such as proportion, symmetry, balance, or order. Both of these concepts of beauty stand in opposition to the belief that beauty is in the viewer’s mind and a matter of personal taste.

Another support for an objective approach to understanding beauty is the inherent paradox of subjective judgments of beauty. If it is true that an emotional process of the mind defines beauty, then one could argue that beauty is essentially meaningless, as it is merely a matter of individual preference. Subjective conclusions about what is beautiful and what is not lead down a dangerous path in which personal feelings and preferences obstruct and overwhelm a possible universal agreement on beauty.

This leads us to another platitude we so often hear from museum visitors: “Is this art?” A postmodern perspective that has for many decades dominated our judgment of art can be summed up in the rather banal and trite idea of anything goes. If everything and anything can be art, then art defies any definition.

Given the enormous amounts of art made, exhibited, and sold, it seems only appropriate to look for something more concrete than an anything-goes attitude and seek to identify particular characteristics and criteria that will allow us to think about art in universal terms. Yet we should also not forget that conventions in the art world apply to what we consider art. A group of alleged experts—art historians, art critics, and curators—determine what art we should look at and what is a waste of our time and energy. In the art world, for a work of art to be recognized as such, it has to fulfill two specific qualities: it has to affirm the art made in the past and simultaneously deviate from it to signal some change, novelty, or progress worth considering.

In light of the above, let us turn to the question of how to judge art. Some might argue that a work of art should be judged without influence from a personal or emotional perspective. Yet this personal haze is all too often present when people approach art, and is conveyed in expressions such as “it speaks to me” or “I know what I like.” 
As with beauty, to appreciate art fully, we might need to view it in its own right, and not for any particular purpose. We must develop an aesthetic attitude that is based not on feeling beauty but on thinking beauty. This, above all, will not only help us understand and experience beauty and art in a more involved and complex manner but also allow us to consider art’s place in this world differently.